- Construction: verb-ed or irregular form. Auxiliary verb ( questions, negatives, etc.): did. The verb “to be”: was/were (no auxiliary)
I loved the film we watched last night.
Did you go to the cinema in the end?
I bought a sweater yesterday.
1. Completed actions in the past, often with a time expression:
I saw you the other day on the buss.
I met him in college.
2. To sequence actions in the past in a natural order:
I got up at 7 o’clock and had a shower. After having a shower, I had some toast and a glass of milk. Then I watched TV while I finished my cup of coffee.
3. Actions that were frequen in the past:
During my teens, I went to English lessons every single week. I actually think I never missed one!
4. Things that were true in the past:
When I was a kid I really loved going to the movies.
- Construction: was/were + verb-ing
I was talking on the phone when you rang.
Where were you going when I saw you?
- Uses: in general, it is used for actions in progress in the past.
1. Actions happening before, during and after another action in the past simple:
When I met your mother, I was studying in New York.
2. Two simultaneous actions:
John was talking on the phone the whole time I was cooking dinner.
3. For actions which are unfulfilled:
I was trying to fix my laptop, but I had to give up. I’m not technologically savvy.
4. To complain about something that happens frequently, with “always”:
My mum is always nagging me about helping her around the house.
NOTE: with state/stative verbs we do not normally use the Past Continuous