- What are –ed or –ing adjectives?
Adjectives which end in –ed or –ing are regular adjectives which have derived from a verb. Therefore, adjectives that end in –ed or –ing are normally written the same as the past participle or the present participle of a verb. For example:
He has surprised everyone with the news. (past participle)
Everyone felt surprised by the news. (adjective)
He is surprising everyone with the news. (past participle)
The news is very surprising. (adjective)
- When to use –ed or –ing
– -ed: when it expresses how someone or something feels. For instance:
I was absolutely amazed! The show had been awesome.
– -ing: when it expresses the feeling that someone causes. For example:
The show was amazing. I really enjoyed it.
- Useful tip
To learn when to use –ed or –ing, try memorising a sentence like this one:
I am bored because this book is boring.
- More -ed/-ing adjectives:
annoyed – annoying
confused – confusing
depressed – depressing
excited – exciting
frustrated – frustrating
frightened – frightening
satisfied – satisfying
shocked – shocking
tired – tiring
disappointed – disappointing
Not all -ed adjectives have an –ing form, and vice versa. Some examples include: crowded, talented, stressed, etc.
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